Thailand, Being a tropical country has two seasons, sunny and rainy. Although during summertime or sunny days temperatures are rising and air conditioners are all cranked up that it causes long term damage to the environment. People have survived unbearable heat for the last millennia without air conditioning, largely due to carefully-considered design choices they made in their homes. Here we list sustainable design solutions that reduce heat without the need of air conditioning.
Use a window blind
While it’s rare to hear a design professional recommend keeping natural light out, in the summer, a lot of heat gain in interior spaces occurs because of the amount of sunlight that passes through transparent materials, including glass especially during peak hours between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. So it is best you install a window blind or even a light material such as a sheer curtain would do the trick.
The House Stack Effect
If you live in a multi-story home, you can use an existing stairwell or other vertically-oriented space to allow for air to move from high to low, opening windows in the upper floors so that you can release the hot air that’s risen. Installing a window fan in one area to increase air flow. To ensure efficiency, you should try and make sure that you have roughly the same square footage of openings for incoming and outgoing air.
Installing a water feature in a garden or courtyard or even an indoor pond is a helpful way to cool the air directly around a home. As the water evaporates, it cools the air, creating a microclimate.
Plant Trees in Key Areas
Another passive approach that can be used to cool a home is to plant vegetation in locations that either provide shade in strategic areas or guide prevailing winds into a home. Like outdoor shutters or blinds, thoughtfully-sited trees and shrubbery can shade windows to prevent direct sunlight from entering an interior space.
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